Sick Leave as per UAE Labour Law

Sick Leave or Medical Leave in UAE Labour Law

Anyone can fall sick at any unexpected time. Many companies have different policies on what proof is required to avail sick leave pay. However, UAE Labour Law specifically lays out several Articles within the Labour Law.

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sick leave medical leave uae labour law

UAE Labour Law provides clear provisions for sick leave for employees working.

When should employee inform about Sick Leave?

As per Article (82)-The employee must report to the employer any injuries or illnesses preventing him from working within a maximum period of two days.

Can you take Sick Leave during probation? How many sick leaves can I take in a year?

As per the Article (83) – The employee is not entitled to any paid sick leave during the probation period. However, if an employee spends over three months after completion of the probationary period, the employee is entitled to sick leave not more than 90 days either continuous or intermittent per each year of service, computed as below:

  • Full pay for the first 15 days
  • Half pay for the next 30 days
  • No pay for any following period

It should be noted that the employee should provide evidence of his illness warranting sick leave by an official medical certificate.

When are you not entitled for Sick Leave?

As per the Article (84)- If the employee’s illness is directly caused by his misbehavior such as consumption of alcohol or narcotics he is not entitled to any wages during the sick leave.

What can cause termination after sick leave?

As per the Article (85), The employer may terminate the service of an employee who fails to resume his duties at the end of such leave as stipulated in Article (82), 83), and (84) hereof, in such case employee shall be entitled to his gratuity in accordance with the provision of UAE Labour Law.

Can you resign during the sick leave?

As per Article (86)-The employee may resign from employment during the sick leave period and before the completion of 45 days specified by law, provided the reason of resignation is approved by a physician or Government Medical Officer. In this situation, the employer must pay the employee all the wages he is entitled to, until the end of the 45 days referred to above.

What are the provisions for Hajj Leave / Umrah Leave?

As per the Article (87)- A special leave without pay may be granted for the performance of pilgrimage to the employee once throughout his service and shall not be counted among other leaves and may not exceed 30 days. Note that the Hajj pilgrimage leave is without pay as per UAE Labour Law; but I have seen companies paying employees during the Hajj Leave.

Can you work for another employer during sick leave?

As per the Article (88)-During the annual leave or sick leave provided for hereunder, the employee may not work for another Employer; however, if the employer has established that the employee has done this, he shall have the right to terminate the service of employee without notice, and to deprive him of the leave pay due to him.

What happens if you do not report to work after sick leave?

As per the Article (89) -Subject to the provisions herein contained, every employee who does not report to duty immediately after expiry of his vacation, he shall be deprived of his pay for the period of absence commencing from the day following to the date on which the leave has expired.

Can a company terminate employee during sick leave?

As per the Article (90)- Without prejudice to cases where the employer has the right to dismiss the employee without notice or gratuity as prescribed herein, the employer may not dismiss an employee or serve him with a notice of dismissal during his leave as is provided for in this Section.

The employer may not dismiss an employee from service during his sick leave or annual leave. During this period any notice for termination will be considered null and void.

However, the employer is entitled to terminate the employment contract if the employee has exhausted his full sick leave and is not fit to return to work. In such cases, the employee will be entitled to his full gratuity and end of service entitlement in accordance with the Law.

Furthermore, the employee will not be entitled to wages for the days that he has not reported to work after the end of his leave (whether sick leave or annual leave). This will not prejudice the rights of the employer to terminate the employee’s contract if the employee fails to report back to work within seven consecutive days from the date he was due back.

However, in cases of a persistent or chronic medical condition or the need for long-term treatment, an employee may apply for an extended sick leave of up to six months, which will be granted if authorized by the Civil Service Medical Committee, on the basis of an assessment conducted by the Committee itself. Thereafter, the six month period of sick leave can be extended for a further six months, on the same basis. Under applicable rules, civil servants are entitled to full pay while on sick leave.

Sick Leave Certificate

As per the New DHA rule, Dubai Employees in Dubai’s private and public sectors must pay Dh60 to get a sick leave certificate which will help to prevent abuse of sick leave provisions and protecting employers from work day losses.

What if you fall sick during Annual Holidays?

If you fall sick during annual holidays and if you have a sick leave certificate from concerned Authorities, then the sick leave can be considered. However, if you do not have acceptable proof of your illness, your company may not accept the sick leave application.

What if you fall sick during Public Holidays?

Similar to being sick during annual leaves, if you are sick during public holidays, you should produce sick leave certificate acceptable to your company.

Have any questions? Comment below or head on over to: forum.emiratesdiary.com

About Deepak 505 Articles
Deepak is a passionate blogger with interests in bitcoin, online marketing, and writing.
  • Hi,
    I work for an Power & Electricity generation company which is situated outside the city limits (remote side).

    Due to severe cold and coughing and after checking from the hospital in UAE, the medicines were not helping and after consulting with the doctor from UAE I informed my immediate supervisor by company email the I will proceed to India for treatment as advised by the doctor in UAE (the doctor had proceeded for his vacation after my 1st and only consultation with him).

    I plan to join back to work after 8 days and want to know the medical certificate that i will carry with me from India has to be approved by the embassy or is there any procedure that i should follow ??

    My employer says that i meed to attest the medical certificate with my embassy to prove its legality ?

    Please help me out on this issue .

    Thanks.
    J

    • Lots of minor employees face difficulties due to paid sick leave certificates. Most of the time, employee has to pay doctor consultation fee + medical certificate fee. Some of the companies provide medical cover with very low limitations. There for employee has to bare many costs. Employees in very minor categories like Cleaners, for them it is a considerable expense. Some companies required sick leave certificate for one day and for those who not produce sick leave will be subjected to salary cut.

      Also some companies encourage employees to go on emergency leave expecting not to pay their leave settlements and other benefits. They are not providing air ticket, but they get away by paying very small amount to the employee for the air ticket.

      There are many illegal happenings in the companies.

  • Thank you for the article,

    But, I have a question: the case is that My Company hasn’t still provided us Medical Insurance, and I have been spending my own money for Medical Diagnoses, medicines and Sick Leaves.

    Am I entitled to request from my company, to cover the money I spent for my Medical issues, as I don’t have an insurance?

  • dear sir, i would like to inquire in my case get sick due to exposure to company working environment got cancer any compensation fromk the company.

    • If your company is based in Abu Dhabi, there is mandatory health insurance. In Dubai, few companies have insurance or workman compensation. Get in touch with your HR.

  • Hi Mr Deepak,

    Good morning!
    I had an accident and doctor advised me to take 3weeks leave. My left foot is on full cast.

    I advised my Managers on the day I had the accident and after I had the follow up check up when the Doctor advised of the leave.

    I am alone in Dubai and in my house as well, so I informed them I will just go home in the mean time to my home countryso I canrecover. fast. But reply or whatsoever.

    Should I wait for an approval before I can go home even though I have a medical certificate from the Doctor?

    Thanks,

  • In our company we have in total 20 days annual leave. so employee taking sick leave and providing medical. So the leave should be deducted from annul leave.

  • Hi
    I have an appendicitis and got it operated in home country. Am I eligible to get sick leave with full pay for 15 days?
    I have taken out all the relevant medical reports from local hospital and informed my HR team, but as per them I can’t claim 15 days fully paid sick leave because I’m not taking the treatment within UAE.
    Please advise.

    • i think you should get the entitled of 15 days paid sick leave. just confirm with MOL

  • Dear Mr. Deepak,
    My query doesn’t clear In below link.
    My query is that I have completed 5 years in my company. I got sick and
    went to take treatment at my home country. So, I have applied sick leave
    with 15 days full pay to take treatment. But as per my HR department,
    labour law says that I’m not eligible for paid sick leave because I’m not
    taking treatment within UAE .
    So, please let me know if I’m eligible for sick leave as per UAE labour law.
    Thank you

    Chirag Shah

  • Dear Mr. Deepak,
    My query doesn’t clear In below link.
    My query is that I have completed 5 years in my company. I got sick and went to take treatment at my home country. So, I have applied sick leave
    with 15 days full pay to take treatment. But as per my HR department, labour law says that I’m not eligible for paid sick leave because I’m not
    taking treatment within UAE .
    So, please let me know if I’m eligible for sick leave as per UAE labour law.
    Thank you

    Chirag Shah

    • Chirag,
      There is nothing like that .
      Since you are employed in a company you can take the sick leave even though you are out of the country considering you have the authorized sick leave certificate

  • Hi,

    I work for a private company for three years. I had gone through neuro spinal surgery in dubai and I got a sick leave certificate from DHA through MED Care neuro spine hospital.

    The sick leave is given for 1 month from 1st Oct to 31st October., will I get full month salary for Oct month.

    Regards

    • Satish,
      Please read the article again and it is clearly mentioned about sick leave provisions.

  • Is the computation of sick leave per day is base on your basic salary just like the annual computation?

  • Hi,
    I have been working with my company for 1 year and 7 month and I became very ill. My HR advised that U should travel home while my company would cancel my visa and am okay with that but just today they asked me to send in a resignation letter. To the best of my knowledge a resignation letter means a deduction of 45 days from my benefit.
    Kindly advise please

  • I was absent for 2 days because I was sick. I went to a hospital for a check up and was advised to take a rest for 2 days. I have presented the medical certificate to the school where I am working as a Teacher. When I submitted the medical cert to the secretary she told me that according to the Principal I will be deducted 3 days salary even there’s a medical cert. I thought it was like a sort of threat so I ignored it. Then, the salary came and indeed they deducted 3 days. Is it fair? Is there a basis for this? Can I file a complaint about this because they are not honoring other Medical Cert aside from a certain hospital?

    • Nica,
      This is entirely illegal. Are you a confirmed employee?
      Some companies have policy under probation where employees are not entitled for sick leave with pay.

  • Dear Sir,

    I’m working in my Company since 6 years and I have Medical insurance. Now my Dr advised me a Surgery for removal of Uterine Fibroma and I would like to make treatment from my Home Country.

    I am eligible for paid leave?

    Expect your advise.

    Thanks,

    Ms. Mohamed

    • Mrs Mohamed,
      You are not eligible for paid sick leave beyond what is mentioned in the labour law.

  • Hi
    Mr Deepak
    My name is faiyaz i was on my annual leave in that i have got joidis i informed my manager he told me you have to report on time doctor advised me to take full bed rest till one month or more in my company sick leave is approve for the period of three month after my vacation end 30 october till that i am in india today dr gave me the fitness certificate so is it possible to come back to uae there will not be any issue or i have to stay in my home country it’s about 42 days over my vacation end

  • I would like to know what happens if somebody has sick leave which ends at the start of a booked and approved annual leave. Does the employee continue on annual leave without returning to work first or the annual leave is suspended until employee is certified fit and has reported for duty first.

    • Inno,
      If you are already on annual leave, this will not be sick leave. If you fall sick after the annual leave is considered, sick leave is possible but with proper certifications from certified / acceptable hospital.

  • I want to know something.
    I took 103 extra leave than I entitled
    now company saying they will pay sick leave salary for
    15 Days full salary
    30 days half salary
    Balance 58 salary will deduct from my salary… Is this UAE LAW???

    pls tell me about this

  • hi,I’m sarah, sir I would like to ask if it’s illegal to the company who holds my passport and how will I know if im blacklisted.also is it right that the company can dedeuct 3x of your basic salary if you are absent for 1 day without sick leave..i need your help.thanx

  • Dear Mr. Deepak,

    I am regular employee working for 10 years now in my current dubai company. I took one day sick leave and gave prior official notice to my boss I would likely need to take one day break bec of viral flue due to changing weather nowadays. We don’t have medical insurance. I cannot come to hospital for sake of taking medical certificate for one day. I managed home medication and bed rest only. My boss wants to deduct a one day salary. I never gone for sick leave in my entire service. Is it fair? Doctor’s fee in Dubai is more than my daily wage. I am receiving barely 130 dhs/day only.

    • Ann,
      The sick leave policy is such that you are required to furnish proof of illness through a medical certificate.
      Rest is the understanding between you and your manager.

  • My love relationship is in home town so I wnt visit her parents for the marriage so I can take emergency leave for tht

  • am i getting paid? heres what happen. doctor gave me 30 days sick leave because of ankle injury i got, i underwent arthroscopic surgery, but heres the deal, it happens outside work premises, it happen while im playing basketball, so am i candidate with the “sick leave with pay” or without.

    • Ruzz,
      Full pay for the first 15 days
      Half pay for the next 30 days
      No pay for any following period

  • Sir. In UAE ,A surgery was done and given 15 days sick leave . My question is … I have rights to go home Country in sick days…If I go home country , 15 days salary will be paid or not according to law…please need explain

  • In UAE One of well reputed hospital…Doctor has given 15 days sick leave … because of surgery… so my question .. my passport with my employer….Have I rights to go home country in sick days ? ….If I go home country , 15 days salary will be paid or not as per law… ??

  • Hi,

    I am due to have a surgery anytime (as soon as I get the approval from the company’s insurance) however I am planning to quit my currrent job because I got a better job offer somewhere else.

    My question is: Will the insurance with the current company where I work still cover my surgery if i hand in my resignation letter and while sirving my notice period of 1 month? Or shall I wait to get the surgery first then resign? If I do that any consequences?

    Many thanks

    • Sarah,
      Most probably the company will also cancel your insurance coverage once your employment contract ceases.
      Better to get the surgery done first, settle the insurance and then proceed as planned.
      Also would your new company not provide you insurance coverage.

  • My question is ..will the labour insurance paying the cost of labour surgery ? My friend salary is just 1200 dirham in months and surgery cost in Iranian hospital in Dubai without medicament’ 5500 dirham . what my friend can do if company and insurance not cover the cost ? And i s any organisation in uae that can protect the laboured for such cost ?

    • Khosrou,
      It depends on what kind of insurance coverage is provided by the insurance company. Not all insurance companies cover all the expenses.

  • i am working in my company last 8 years. went india for eye surgery and resume duty in dubai office. after two month my surgery was fail and will have to done again.company will pay me to medical leave….again

  • Hi,
    1 – I would like to an employee how many days sick leave without pay can avail during the probation period.

    2 – If some one got injured during duty hours like getting down from stairs ect…is that would be considered injury during work or not.
    If yes then how many days sick leave due to injury an employee can avail during probation.

    Please advise, I will be very thankful to you.

    • Ali,
      1. No limit.
      2. Yes. The number of sick days will depend on the doctor’s instruction.

  • Sir, I was having a ankle fracture and my doctor gave me a 14days to rest because the cast my foot and I am a waitress so I cant do my duty. when I forwarded my medical certificate, xtray and other medical documents our area manager did not accept my sickleave. I put it on the log book that i submitted my documents. when i finished the 14days and i start to work again i saw may attendance it was absent 14days.please tell me if i have a right to claim for my sickleave. i paid my sickleave certificate to the accredited hospital of our company but still the did not accept it. 14 days is a big amount for me and for my family.

    • Belle,
      Yes, you have the rights as per UAE Labour Law for 15 days paid sick leave per annum after completion of your probation.

  • Hello,
    for the 30 days half salary, can you confirm if this concerns the whole salary or Basic salary only ( excluding house and car allowances)

    Thanks!

  • I want to know if all balance sick leave that I did not use during my term will be paid once I resign?

  • Dear Deeapak,

    I have exhaused all my 15days Sick leave with pay so i have received my full salary in april. My doctors still advised for another 15days before i will be allowed to work. For Sick leave provisions of 30 days half paid. Then my salary will be be affected because of the half day pay for 15days? Should i apply the other half to my annual leave so i can get my salary in full also?

    Thanks.

    • Lans,
      that will depend on your company. In most cases, they should approve it.
      You should speak to your HR.

  • Hello. I just want to ask. I finish my probationary period 3 months. I start working January 4, I finished probationary april 4, I signed my regularization april 6, 2015. I got sick, my doctor gave me 5 days sick leave. The hr of my company said its unpaid. But according to my contract after probationary period I can have sick leave or annual leave. Do you think I have right for this? I want to say my side that they need to pay me for my 5 days leave. They said I’m not 6 months working at the company. Thanks. Please reply

    • Jes,
      After confirmation, you are entitled for paid sick leave of up to 15 days per annum.
      Your HR must be aware of this.

      • hai deepak
        I would like to know about sick leave during the notice period ( termination or resignation). Company told me its unpaid leave.

        • George,
          Sick leave is sick leave. Not unpaid leave; even during notice period!
          You could request them to guide you on labour law and where is this written!

  • In Article 83, For a company having 6 months probation period for staff, doesn’t the 3 months-after-probation sick leave eligibility take too long to wait?

    Looking from another angle, 9 months will be unpaid sick leaves all through out.

    Your thoughts?

  • What about the documents I need from abroad to get a sick leave here? I want to go for abroad treatment. what documents do I need to bring back in order to get my sick leave? and how do I get this sick leave?

    Thanks!

    • Helen,
      I am not too sure about this.
      However, first you will inform your HR about this.
      I guess, you will require doctors letter and the letter from the clinic/hospital about your situation/procedure undergone and number of days of rest required.

  • Hello. I did my surgery for sinusitis and dental implants in my home country (because of the lower costs). I can use the papers from my country like medical leave in UAE?

  • I want to ask how many days of absent before the employer will ask u a medical certificate i have one day sick leave and they said its not paid and they deducted to my salary without notice i already 1year and 4 mos in my company

    • Hana,
      This depends from company to company. Most companies would require to produce medical certificate for each day of absence.

  • Hi I wanted to ask i had a surgery 5 months ago in my country and i am having this pain again for which i have to go back to sort it out. My employer is not approving this and i am in severe pain and couldn’t go to work for last 7 days. I dont care if they cancel my visa or whatever what options do i have? if i go to labour court how much time it will take till court does something? Thanx

  • Sick Leave:
    Our company provides 30 days full paid sick leave. One of our employees has been out for more than a month now starting from June 1 until July 15 2015. However, the employee submitted several medical certifications that covers the weekdays only. Example, 1-4 June 2015. The will be on sick leave again the following week providing certificate covering 7-11 June 2015. This went on on a weekly basis and the last was 12-15 July and came back to office on the 16th. We need to consider that the sick leave reason is operation related.

    How will you count the number of sick leave days. Is it based on weekly certificate excluding weekends or should consider the total number of calendar days the employee was out including weekdays?

    • Rastie,
      Sick leave is considered as calendar days and not working days.
      My logic says that sickness does not see whether it is a weekday or a weekend!!

  • good afternoon i want to ask some question
    i start work august 9 2014 then i go sick leave december 28 2014 until january 14 2015 i bring my certicate for my sick leave when i take my salary it deducted 18 days for my salary now i am 1 year working and taking my leave vacation but my company want to deduct again my leave salary is it right to make a double deduction for my leave salary .what is my rights please answer my question thank you and waiting for your response.

  • I am employed in my current company for more than 10 years. Recently, I have been away from work on medical leave for about 6 weeks. i have visited my doctor few times and was given medical treatment but due to my sickness, it took six weeks before i could recover. during my visits, i have not asked for medical certificate or medical record as it was not asked by my company in the previous years. when i came back to work, a new policy was implemented that we should provide medical certificate. my physician was only able to provide medical records during my visit as she is not allowed to provide medical certificate for the period that i was away from the office. my company refused to accept the certificate stating that they need to see proof that i was really sick during my absence. please advice what i can do?

    • CHZE,
      You should obtain a Medical Certificate from the hospital. Make sure it is authorised from MOH.
      There is no other way.

  • Hello Deepak,

    I have some doubts like in Article 83, it is mentioned that ‘if an employee spends over three months after completion of the probationary period the employee is entitled to sick leave’. And in the above conversation (with jes on 04/05/15) you said/agreed like an employee is eligible for sick leave even before completing 3 months after probationary period. Can you please make it clear?

  • good day!

    we already finished our contract for 2 years, we didn’t use any sick leave, can we get them encashed in our final settlement?

    thank you!

  • dear Deepak,
    i have sick leave letter for 5 days from the doctor,but i didn’t take off for that day ,can i get the compensation for that 5 days while i’m going vacation

    • Mahjoub,
      You may not get extra compensation for working on a sick leave. It would be considered as a normal working day.

  • It should be noted that the employee should provide evidence of his illness warranting sick leave by an official medical certificate.

    In terms of the law is a certificate required if only one day sick leave taken?

  • I am sick in Romania and i have contract work in Dubai. What document and what process i can do to have medical paied leave?

  • Hi.. My concern is my company is still not paying for my two weeks sick leave. I had the surgery last july and I was on sick leave for 14 days (2 weeks). The doctor provided a certificate and in fact the health authority sent me an sms for the approval. What’s really frustrating me is they deducted the 15 days from my august salary and up to now it’s not refunded. Can I make a complaint about this? I am really disappointed because almost everyday I am making follow up to our HRD but they’re always saying the same thing, that they’re still waiting for approval. I am really upset. THANKS

  • Hi, I got sick leave from government hospital for 30 day’s. My company said,” they can give me only 15 day’s sick leave after 15 day’s i have to go for work if i will not go for work they will take action against me”. So i want to know, can they call me for work? please let me know. Thank you…..

      • Hi, my visa is free zone so where i have to go for complain, and if i will complain they will take action against my company, please let me know…. Thank you so much for your help.

          • Hi Deepak,
            I want to ask, my hand was broken on duty and doctor given me one madical report he mention in the madical report it was happend in my home and then my treatment done by government hospital and he given me madical report but he did not mantion where it’s incident happend and i submit both report to my company now my company says they will not pay any amout becouse it’s mantion in first madical report this accident happened in my hom and second madical report there is no mantion home or duty so my question is company will pay or i have to pay. Please let me know who have to pay money.