What are the working hours as per UAE Labour Law?
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As per the UAE Labour Law(Chapter 4, Section 1, Article 65 to 73) working hours must not exceed eight hours per day, or forty eight hours per week, over a six day week. It is also stated that working hours can be increased to nine hours per day for some business. During the Islamic month of Ramadan the working hours are reduced by two hours per day .
The maximum normal working hours for adult employees shall be eight hours per day or forty eight hours per week. However, working hours for the employees of commercial establishments, hotels, restaurants, watchmen and similar operations may be increased to nine hours per day as determined by the Minister of Labour. Likewise, working hours per day in respect of hazardous work or work detrimental to health, may be decreased by decision of the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs. During the month of Ramadan, normal working hours shall be reduced by two hours.
Time spent by the employee in transport form his residence to the place of work shall not be included in the working hours.
Daily working hours shall be regulated in a way that no employee shall work over five hours consecutively without break times for rest, food and prayer with a total not less than one hour, provided that such times shall not be counted in working hours. In factories and workshops where work is rotated on night and day shift basis, or in places of business where technical and economic reasons necessitate round the clock work, break times for rest, food and prayer shall be determined by the Minister.
If circumstances of work necessitate that an employee works more than the normal working hours, the extra time shall be considered overtime, for which the employee shall receive a remuneration equal to that corresponding to his normal working hours plus an extra of at least 25 percent of such remuneration.
If circumstance of work necessitate that an employee works overtime between 9.00 p.m and 4.00 a.m., he shall be entitled to normal working hours pay plus an increase equal to at least 50% of such pay.
Actual overtime may not exceed two hours per day unless work in necessary to prevent substantial loss or serious accident or to eliminate or alleviate its effects.
Friday is the normal weekly holiday for all employees except for those on daily wage basis.
If the employee is required to work on Friday he shall be granted one day off for rest or be paid the basic pay for normal working hours plus 50% increase at least of such pay.
Except for labourers on daily wage an employee may not work on more than two Fridays successively.
The provisions of this Section shall not apply to the following categories:
- Persons holding responsible senior posts in the management or supervision if holders of such titles are vested with the authorities or employers over employees, and such category is to be determined by the Minister of Labour
and Social Affairs.
Ship crews and sea men who work under special service conditions due to the nature of their work, excluding Sea Port workers who are engaged in loading and off-loading and related works.
A Notice Board showing the weekly closing day, working hours and rest times for all categories of employees must be fixed at conspicuous place on the main gate used as entrance by employees and in the premises of work and a copy of the notice should be submitted to the competent Labour Department.
If the weekly closure system is not applied by the place of business, a notice showing the weekly rest day for each category of employees shall be fixed by the employer at the places referred to in the preceding paragraph.
Overtime must not exceed two hours per day, unless the work is necessary to prevent substantial loss or serious accident or to reduce its effects. The normal overtime pay amounts shall be 125% of an employee’s normal remuneration for the period of overtime he worked.
In case, if an employee worked between 9.00 pm to 4.00 am, the overtime pay amount shall be 150% of his normal remuneration.
Friday is the normal weekly holiday for all employees except those who works on a daily wage basis. If an employee is required to work on a Friday, he will be granted one day leave in lieu, or paid 150% of his normal remuneration for the Friday worked. It is also stated that no employees can work more than two consecutive Fridays except labourers.
Note that the above said provision do not apply to certain employees working in a senior or managerial capacity, or ship crews and seamen who work under special service conditions due to the nature of their work.
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